The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra & Rudolf Koelman
Violin Concertos 1 & 2
1SACD | Challenge Classics | 0608917234329 | CC 72343 | 10-09
The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra, Jan Willem de Vriend: conductor, Rudolf Koelman: violin
The programme offered in this CD forms a bridge between the two most popular violin concertos of Paganini and the operas of Rossini.
The double bill of Paganini-Rossini opens our ears to Paganini’s operatic style of composing and - one might suggest - improvising techniques aswell. The individual movements remind us of virtuosic or lyrical opera arias each with the solo violin replacing the human voice. Melody, melodic invention and virtuosity are the main elements. The orchestra contributes inventive introductions, intermezzos and codas, but when the soloist appears it is restricted to sustaining, underlining and punctuating his or her part. Sometimes it adds some color to the scoring as for example with the famous obbligato bell-ringing in the rondo finale of the second Concerto.
A wide range of extensively employed embellishments similar to those used by Rossini in his arias, are employed to show off the virtuoso’s virtuosity often forcing notes as high as possible to regions, where there is virtually no space to place the playing fingers between bow and bridge. Paganini also uses ornamentation, as does Rossini, to enhance the expressive quality of music in a direct bodily way, which is difficult explain verbally. The physical
act of tone production is the effect itself. The sequencing reiteration of musical figures ad infinitum correlates with the need to express oneself. So with Paganini as with Rossini there is no empty virtuoso tinkling.
Rossini’s melodramma giocoso “Matilde di Shabran” (1821) was composed in such a hurry that the composer had no time to create a new overture but had to reuse one he had written two years ago for “Eduardo e Cristina”. Yet he inserted new wind parts introducing new thematic material in order to foreshadow the Finale I of “Matilde”, thus creating a tight nexus between the overture and the actual piece. There are many connections to Paganini’s style, for instance the tutti-beats at the beginning of both, overture and concertos, in order to attain the attention of a prattling auditorium, the melodic formation as well as the instrumentation namely in the piatti and cassa grande-parts of the first concerto, which obviously have been added later by Paganini.
Das hier eingespielte Programm stellt eine Brücke zwischen den beiden beliebtesten Konzerten Paganinis und den Opern Rossinis her. Die Kadenzen dieser Aufnahme stammen von Carl Flesch (1. Konzert) und Rudolf Koelman (2. Konzert). Jan Willem de Vriend ist u.a. seit 2006 Chefdirigent und Künstlerischer Leiter des Netherlands Symphony Orchestra. Der niederländische Geiger Rudolf Koelman war von 1978 bis 1981 einer der letzten Schüler von Jascha Heifetz in Los Angeles. Bis 1999 war er erster Konzertmeister des 'Royal Concertgebouw Orchester' Amsterdam. Seitdem konzertiert er weltweit als Solist und Kammermusiker und lehrt an der Zürcher Hochschule der Künste.
1Violin Concerto no. 1 in D major op. 6Allegro maestoso19:33
2Violin Concerto no. 1 in D major op. 6Adagio04:48
3Violin Concerto no. 1 in D major op. 6Rondo: Allegro spirituoso09:48
4Gioacchino Rossini: Overture Matilde di Shabran09:50
5Violin Concerto no. 2 in b minor op. 7 ?La campanella?Allegro maestoso12:53
6Violin Concerto no. 2 in b minor op. 7 ?La campanella?Adagio06:04
7Violin Concerto no. 2 in b minor op. 7 ?La campanella?Rondo08:43