Ton Koopman / The Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra & Choir

Complete Bach Cantatas Vol. 1

Price: € 14.95
Format: CD
Label: Challenge Classics
UPC: 0608917220124
Catnr: CC 72201
Release date: 01 April 2003
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Label
Challenge Classics
UPC
0608917220124
Catalogue number
CC 72201
Release date
01 April 2003
Album
Artist(s)
Composer(s)
EN
NL

About the album

Bach's sacred music written before he went to Leipzig, including all the works from the Weimar period, are often lumped together as "early" cantatas. This is misleading and ultimately inaccurate, since Bach was already 38 years old when he moved from his post as Kapellmeister at Köthen in 1723 to take up his duties as Kantor at the Thomaskirche in Leipzig. In fact most of Bach's church cantatas date from the Leipzig years, as does the consolidation of the stylistic, structural and technical features of his vocal works, but even the repertoire composed before 1714 can hardly be termed "early". The works composed at Mühlhausen, demonstrating a striking sureness of touch in their conception, placed the 22-year-old among the finest contemporary cantata composers. Bach's earliest church cantatas are still clearly marked by 17th-century traditions. As well as the influences of older members of the Bach family, those of Buxtehude and Pachelbel the Elder, and Italian and French masters are evident, technically, structurally andstylistically. A particularly characteristic feature of the pre-Leipzig cantatas is Bach's exceptional delight in experimental and complex handling of an extremely wide range of instruments, with refined sound effects (such as the use of the bas- soon) and poly- and homophonic settings and forms.
De vroege cantates van Bach
Tussen 1994 en 2004 nam dirigent Ton Koopman de enorme taak op zich om alle cantates gecomponeerd door Johann Sebastian Bach op te nemen met zijn Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra & Choir.
Tijdens zijn leven schreef Bach vermoedelijk 295 cantates, waarvan er 202 bewaard zijn gebleven. Het overgrote deel van deze cantates kwam volgens biograaf Christoph Wolff, met wie Ton Koopman samenwerkte aan dit project, tot stand in de jaren 1723-25, toen Bach in Leipzig verbleef. Bachs enorme cantateproductie delen de musicologen op in 5 cantatejaargangen. Een cantatejaargang of cantate-jaarcyclus bestaat uit een groep van bij elkaar horende cantates geschreven voor de kerkdiensten van één kerkelijk jaar.

Het merendeel van cantates werd door Bach geschreven als muzikale omlijsting van de zondagse kerkdienst. De cantates sloten inhoudelijk aan bij de lezingen en de preek van die zondag of kerkelijke feestdag. Het was dus functionele gebruiksmuziek, maar van een hoog muzikaal niveau. De meeste van Bachs cantates beginnen met een uitgebreid openingskoor. Deze opening werd gevolgd door enkele aria's en recitatieven (vertellende stukken, zonder tekstherhalingen).

De volledige set bevat 202 cantates onderverdeeld 22 volumes. Dit is het 1e volume uit deze serie cantates en omvat de 'vroege cantates' uit Bach’s oeuvre. Deze vroegen werken zijn nog duidelijk beïnvloed door de 17e eeuwse traditie met kenmerken van de stijl, technieken en structuur van voorouders van Bach, Dieterich Buxtehude, Johann Pachelbel en enkele Italiaanse en Franse componisten. Een opmerkelijke eigenschap van deze vroege cantates is het gebruik van een groot scala aan instrumenten (zoals de fagot) op experimentele en complexe wijze met zowel een- als meerstemmige bezettingen.

Artist(s)

Ton Koopman was born in Zwolle in 1944. After a classical education he studied organ, harpsichord and musicology in Amsterdam and was awarded the Prix d'Excellence for both instruments. Almost from the beginning of his musical studies he was fascinated with authentic instruments and a performance style based on sound scholarship.

Even before completing his studies he laid the foundations for a career as a conductor of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century music and this fascination with the Baroque era led him in 1969, at age 25, to establish his first Baroque orchestra and, in 1979, to found The Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra followed in 1993 by the Amsterdam Baroque Choir.

Koopman's extensive and impressive activities as a soloist, accompanist and conductor have been recorded on a large number of LP's and CD's for labels like Erato, Teldec, Sony, Philips and DGG. Recently Ton Koopman has created his own record label: 'Antoine Marchand', with which he will publish his future recordings.

Over the course of a forty-year career Ton Koopman has appeared at the most important concert halls and festivals of the five continents. As an organist he has performed on the most prestigious historical instruments of Europe, and as a harpsichord player and conductor of his Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra & Choir he has been a regular guest at venues which include the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam, the Theatre des Champs-Elysées in Paris, the Philharmonie in Munich, the Alte Oper in Frankfurt, the Lincoln Center in New York, and leading concert halls in Vienna, London, Berlin, Brussels, Madrid, Rome, Salzburg, Tokyo and Osaka. Over the past ten years Ton Koopman has been engaged in 'the recording project of the '90's' (so described by 'The Guardian' in London). Between 1994 and 2004 he has conducted and recorded all the existing cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach, a massive work for which he has been awarded with the Deutsche Schallplattenpreis "Echo Klassik 1997", the Prix Hector Berlioz, and been nominated for both the Grammy Award (USA) and the Gramophone Award (UK). In March 2000 he received an Honorary Degree from the Utrecht University for his scholarly work on the Bach Cantatas and Passions and in February 2004 he was awarded both the prestigious Silver Phonograph by the Dutch recording industry and the VSCD Classical Music Award 2004 by the Directors of Theatres and Concert Halls of Holland. Ton Koopman is also very active as a guest conductor and he has worked with many prominent orchestras in Europe, the USA and Japan including the Amsterdam Concertgebouw, the Boston Symphony, the Vienna Symphony, the Deutsches Symphonie Orchester Berlin, the Rotterdam Philharmonic, the Danish Radio Orchestra and many others. He has been for eight years principal conductor of the Radio Chamber Orchestra in Holland and he is principal guest conductor of the Lausanne Chamber Orchestra. In the coming season he will be working with the Chicago Symphony, the Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich, the Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, the Helsinki Radio Orchestra, the Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie, the Frankfurt Radio Orchestra, the Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, and the Vienna Symphony Orchestra.

Ton Koopman publishes regularly and for a number of years he has been engaged in editing the complete Handel Organ Concerti for Breitkopf & Härtel. Pedagogy has been an important factor in Ton Koopman's life for many years and to that end he is professor of harpsichord at the Royal Conservatory in The Hague and is an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music in London.

Composer(s)

Press

Play album
Disc #1
01.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Sinfonia
03:00
02.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Ich hatte viel Bekummernis (Chorus)
03:44
03.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Aria: Seufzer, Tranen (Soprano)
04:46
04.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Recitative: Wie hast du dich (Soprano)
01:34
05.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Aria: Bache von gesalznen Zahren (Tenor)
06:34
06.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Was betrubst du dich, meine Seele (Chorus)
03:35
07.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Recitative: Ach Jesu (Soprano, Bass)
01:35
08.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Aria Duet: Komm, mein Jesu (Soprano, Bass)
04:26
09.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Sei nun wieder zufrieden (Chorus)
05:39
10.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Aria: Erfreue dich, Seele (Soprano)
03:18
11.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21: Das Lamm, das erwurget ist (Chorus)
03:03
12.
Aus der Tiefe rufe ich, Herr, zu dir BWV 131: Sinfonia: Aus der Tiefe rufe ich
04:18
13.
Aus der Tiefe rufe ich, Herr, zu dir BWV 131: Aria: So du willst (Bass, Soprano)
04:20
14.
Aus der Tiefe rufe ich, Herr, zu dir BWV 131: Ich harre des Herrn (Chorus)
03:35
15.
Aus der Tiefe rufe ich, Herr, zu dir BWV 131: Aria: Meine Seele wartet auf den Derrn (Tenor, Alto)
06:05
16.
Aus der Tiefe rufe ich, Herr, zu dir BWV 131: Israel, hoffe auf den Herrn (Chorus)
04:07
17.
Ich hatte viel Bekömmernis BWV 21 (Appendix): Sei nun wieder zufrieden
05:48

Disc #2
01.
Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit (Actus tragicus) BWV 106: Sonatina
02:36
02.
Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit (Actus tragicus) BWV 106: a. Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit (Chorus) b. Arioso: Ach, Herr, lehre uns bedenken (Tenor) c. Arioso: Bestelle dein Haus (Bass)
08:24
03.
Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit (Actus tragicus) BWV 106: a. Aria: In deine Hande befehle ich meinen Geist (Alto) b. Chorale: Heute wirst du mit mir (Alto, Bass)
05:56
04.
Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit (Actus tragicus) BWV 106: Glorie, Lob, Ehr und Herrlichkeit (Chorus)
03:04
05.
Der Herr denket an uns BWV 196: Sinfonia
01:41
06.
Der Herr denket an uns BWV 196: Der Herr denket an uns (Chorus)
01:53
07.
Der Herr denket an uns BWV 196: Aria: Er segnet, die den Herrn furchten (Soprano)
02:35
08.
Der Herr denket an uns BWV 196: Duet: Der Herr segne euch (Tenor, Bass)
02:09
09.
Der Herr denket an uns BWV 196: Ihr seid die Gesegneten des Herrn (Chorus)
02:46
10.
Gott ist mein König BWV 71: Gott ist mein konig (Chorus)
01:48
11.
Gott ist mein König BWV 71: Chorale Aria: Ich bin nun achzig Jahr (Tenor, Soprano)
03:29
12.
Gott ist mein König BWV 71: Dein Alter sei wie deine Jugend (Chorus)
01:31
13.
Gott ist mein König BWV 71: Arioso: Tag und Nacht ist dein (Bass)
02:52
14.
Gott ist mein König BWV 71: Aria: Durch machtige Kraft (Alto)
01:11
15.
Gott ist mein König BWV 71: Du wollest dem Feinde nicht geben (Chorus)
03:51
16.
Gott ist mein König BWV 71: Das neue Regiment (Chorus)
03:43
17.
Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich BWV 150: Sinfonia
01:24
18.
Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich BWV 150: Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich (Chorus)
03:08
19.
Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich BWV 150: Aria: Doch bin und bleibe ich vergnugt (Soprano)
01:37
20.
Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich BWV 150: Leite mich in deiner Wahrheit (Chorus)
01:41
21.
Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich BWV 150: Aria (Terzet): Zedern mussen von den Winden (Alto, Tenor, Bass)
01:20
22.
Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich BWV 150: Meine Augen sehen stets zu dem Herrn (Chorus)
02:03
23.
Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich BWV 150: Ciacona: Meine Tage in dem Leide (Chorus)
03:21

Disc #3
01.
Der Himmel lacht! die Erde jubilieret BWV 31: Sonata
02:33
02.
Der Himmel lacht! die Erde jubilieret BWV 31: Der Himmel lacht! (Chorus)
03:36
03.
Der Himmel lacht! die Erde jubilieret BWV 31: Recitative: Erwunschter Tag! sei, Seele (Bass)
02:05
04.
Der Himmel lacht! die Erde jubilieret BWV 31: Aria: Furst des Lebens, starker Streiter (Bass)
03:24
05.
Der Himmel lacht! die Erde jubilieret BWV 31: Recitative: So stehe dann, du gottergebne Seele (Tenor)
01:07
06.
Der Himmel lacht! die Erde jubilieret BWV 31: Aria: Adam muss in uns verwesen (Tenor)
02:18
07.
Der Himmel lacht! die Erde jubilieret BWV 31: Recitative: Weil dann das Haupt seiner Glied (Soprano)
00:50
08.
Der Himmel lacht! die Erde jubilieret BWV 31: Aria: Letzte Stunde, brich herein (Soprano)
04:04
09.
Der Himmel lacht! die Erde jubilieret BWV 31: So fahr ich hin zu Jesu Christ (Chorus)
01:09
10.
Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe BWV 185: Duet Aria: Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe (Soprano, Tenor)
04:05
11.
Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe BWV 185: Recitative: Ihr Herzen, die ihr euch (Alto)
01:58
12.
Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe BWV 185: Aria: Sei bemuht in dieser Zeit (Alto)
03:43
13.
Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe BWV 185: Recitative: Die Eigenliebe schmeichelt sich! (Bass)
01:11
14.
Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe BWV 185: Aria: Das ist der Christen Kunst (Bass)
02:19
15.
Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe BWV 185: Chorale: Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ
01:24
16.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4: Sinfonia
01:10
17.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4: Versus I - Chorus: Christ lag in Todesbanden
03:42
18.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4: Versus II - Duet: Den Tod niemand zwingen kunnt
03:45
19.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4: Versus III - Jesus Christus, Gottes Sohn (tenor)
02:03
20.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4: Versus IV - Chorus: Es war ein wunderlicher Krieg
02:08
21.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4: Versus V - Hier ist das rechte Osterlamm (bass)
02:55
22.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4: Versus VI - Duet: So feiern wir das hohe Fest
01:57
23.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4: Versus VII Choral: Wir essen und leben wohl (chorus)
01:20
24.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4 (Appendix): Sinfonia
01:09
25.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4 (Appendix): Versus I - Chorus: Christ lag in Todesbanden
03:47
26.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4 (Appendix): Versus II - Duet: Den Tod niemand zwingen kunnt
04:10
27.
Christ lag in Todesbanden BWV 4 (Appendix): Versus VII Choral: Wir essen und leben wohl (chorus)
01:18
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