David Starobin is the dedicatee of more than 350 new works which he has performed throughout the world, collaborating with ensembles including the New York Philharmonic; the National, Houston, San Francisco, Saint Louis, and BBC symphony orchestras; the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center; the Danish Radio Orchestra; the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra; and the Emerson and Guarneri quartets.
Mr. Starobin began his guitar studies at age seven with the guitarist Manuel Gayol, later graduating from the Peabody Conservatory, where he studied with Aaron Shearer. While a student at Peabody, Mr. Starobin worked closely with pianist Leon Fleisher and was a frequent participant in the Marlboro Music Festival.
Among David Starobin’s honors are a Harvard University Fromm Grant for his commitment to the music of our time; Lincoln Center’s Avery Fisher Career Grant; ASCAP’s Deems Taylor Award, and Peabody Conservatory’s Distinguished Alumni Award. In 2011 Starobin became the youngest guitarist to be inducted into the Guitar Foundation of America’s Hall of Fame. In 1981 David Starobin founded Bridge Records, Inc. His work for Bridge as performer, producer, and executive producer has earned three Grammy awards and thirty-six Grammy nominations, including “Classical Producer of the Year” (2015).
Between 1993 and 2004, David Starobin was the chairman of the guitar department at the Manhattan School of Music. In addition to teaching at MSM, Mr. Starobin holds the “Fondation Charidu Chair in Guitar Studies” at the Curtis Institute of Music, where he co-founded Curtis’s guitar program in 2011.
Susan Grace and Steven Beck have earned recognition as soloists and chamber musicians and now come together to form one of the most dynamic piano duos before the concert-going public. Quattro Mani's intense involvement with modern repertoire has led to dedications and collaborations with leading composers, including George Crumb, Paul Lansky, Tod Machover, Poul Ruders, Michael Daugherty and Fred Lerdahl. Their first two recordings, Lounge Lizards and Restructures, were released by Bridge Records to critical acclaim, featuring works by American and European composers. A third recording of Stefan Wolpe two-piano works will be released in April, 2019.
Their first concerto performance of Paul Lansky's Shapeshifters and Fitkin’s Circuit with the Austin Symphony Orchestra had such chemistry that on that occasion, The Austin Chronicle named the Austin Symphony Orchestra with Quattro Mani as one of the Top 10 Classical Treasures of 2013. “On a fine program mixing old and new music, the 21st century works by Fitkin and Lansky struck sparks—the former deliciously mercurial, the latter pleasurably suspenseful.” Other performances include the Alabama Symphony, Colorado College Intermezzo Series and Summer Music Festival, Colorado Symphony Drum Show, as well as Subculture, Bargemusic, National Sawdust and Weill Recital Hall at Carnegie Hall and Steinway Hall, all in NY, La Labortoire Cambridge, and Curtis Institute in Philadelphia. Quattro Mani records for and is managed by Bridge Records.
In his 2011 James Baldwin Lecture for the Center for African American Studies at Princeton, Paul Lansky quipped that his career had been spent “trying to make dumb computers sing.” He has succeeded in not just that, but also in defining an entire generation of composition. Most often he has made machines sing familiar songs: American folk tunes (on the album Folk Images, 1995), blues harmonica (“Guy’s Harp,” 1984) and guitar riffs (“Blue Wine,” on Folk Images), rap dialogues (“Idle Chatter,” 1985), conversations with his wife (“Smalltalk,” 1990), and the cacophony of his kids clearing the dinner table (“Table’s Clear,” 1990). Throughout his 40 years writing computer music (along with the necessary software to create it), Paul has never foresworn the human element. His pieces “create a nostalgic ache in that they almost capture events which are, in reality, gone forever,” as the composer himself explains. The computer serves as but a microscope, a tool to examine—and ultimately to celebrate—the essential flesh and blood of music as of life.
There has been and will continue to be enormous, sincere, and utterly unique feeling in Paul’s music. His is an art that reflects the sadder consolations of life, but also keeps a rueful distance from them, clinging at times to a state that might be likened to childlike wonder, were not the harmonies so luxuriant, the resonances so haunting.
Born in 1944 to a recording engineer father and a politically progressive mother, Paul was named for famed African American bass Paul Robeson, and grew up in the Crotona Park neighborhood of the South Bronx. He attended the High School for Music and Art in Manhattan, whose school song is half-remembered in “Looking Back” (1996). Paul went on to receive an undergraduate degree from Queens College, where he pursued composition and French horn. He received his graduate degree from Princeton, studying with Milton Babbitt and Earl Kim, and joined the faculty in 1969. He retires as the William Shubael Conant Professor of Music.
One of his most notable early works, “mild und leise” (1973), harbingers a basic compositional preoccupation: The piece (and its title) references Richard Wagner’s music drama, Tristan und Isolde. Something old, something borrowed becomes something entirely new as Paul transforms the hoary harmonies of Wagner’s “Tristan” chord into something fresh and unusual, using an IBM mainframe with one megabyte of memory. He has influenced and been influenced by pop art, cinema, and animation. Auto-Tune derives from his technological innovations. Radiohead would not have been Radiohead without him, certainly not the album Kid A, which quotes “mild und leise.”
Paul’s setting of poetry by Thomas Campion (1979) as read by Paul’s wife, Hannah McKay, inaugurated his embrace of language itself as at once likewise freighted with past associations, possessing sematic meaning, and also as pure syntax to be reconstructed in the present by an active listener. The process of speaking and listening and understanding underlies a series of works: “Idle Chatter,” “just_more_idle_chatter” (1987), and “Notjustmoreidlechatter” (1988). There are mesmeric sequels about numbers and letters and the domestic menace of dust bunnies.
Since the mid-1990s, Paul has moved to writing for performers and instruments, rather than machines. Among his navigators in the turn has been the ensemble Sō Percussion, long in residence at Princeton. He returned to writing for his own instrument as well, writing an award-winning trio for horn, violin, and piano (“Etudes and Parodies,” 2005), and even produced a string quartet indebted to 17th-century counterpoint (“Ricercare Plus” 2004). In 2008, the Alabama Symphony premiered his concerto, Imaginary Islands, the culmination of his tenure as the inaugural composer-in-residence. While there, he worked with elementary school children. “I never thought I’d have a rapport with fifth graders,” he observed.
His aesthetic shift from computer to instrumental music was detailed in a 2008 feature piece in The New York Times. But the new means is being put to the same ends. Paul’s entire oeuvre is united by a single concern, which he himself has elegantly and succinctly described. “I view my work as a constant attempt to ‘get it right,’” he explains, “to find and express the implicit music within me rather than within an instrument or machine.” That integrity has marked his tenure at Princeton, during which as chair he directed the building of the new Woolworth Center of Musical Studies. This was his architectural achievement. His greater, artistic achievement is the cosmos of sound that he has brought to life in his humble home studio and offered up, with equal modesty, for listeners here, there, and everywhere now and evermore.