Netherlands Symphony Orchestra / Jan Willem de Vriend

Symphony no. 1 (Hamburg 1893 version)

Format: SACD
Label: Challenge Classics
UPC: 0608917235524
Catnr: CC 72355
Release date: 04 January 2010
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Label
Challenge Classics
UPC
0608917235524
Catalogue number
CC 72355
Release date
04 January 2010
Album
Artist(s)
Composer(s)
EN
NL
DE

About the album

The first performance of the Symphonische Dichtung in Zwei Abtheilungen (Symphonic Poem in Two Parts), later his First Symphony, was conducted by Mahler in Budapest on 20 November 1889. It got a cool if not hostile reception, mainly because of the ‘bizarre, vulgar and cacophonic extravaganza’s’ of the last two movements. At least this was how it was felt, with the public and the critics in bewilderment especially after the finale’s unsurpassed ferocity. The final chords were followed by utter silence, until a few members of the audience hesitantly began to applaud, quickly interspersed with demonstrative sounds of disapproval. Mahler left the hall in devastation, roaming through the dark streets, like an ‘outcast’. Such hostility we cannot imagine anymore with this wonderful music today.

The version which is used on this recording is the 1893-restored version. It comprises two parts and five movements. Part one, called ‘Aus den Tagen der Jugend’: (From the Days of Youth): ‘Blumen-, Frucht- und Dornstücke’ (Flower-Fruit-and-Thorn-Pieces), contains the first three movements: 1. Spring goes on and on; 2. Andante – allegretto (‘Blumine’) and 3. Scherzo (‘Full Sail’). Part two, ‘Commedia umana’ (Human comedy), consists of 4. Funeral March in Callot’s manner and 5. Finale: From Inferno to Paradise.
Prachtige en heldere uitvoering van Mahlers 'eerste'
De Eerste Symfonie van Gustav Mahler kent een aantal versies. In deze opname hoort u de 2e versie die in 1893 in Hamburg zijn première beleefde. Betoverende muziek, met zorg gespeeld door Jan Willem de Vriend en zijn Orkest van het Oosten (The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra). "Jan Willem de Vriend presenteert met zijn orkest een prachtige heldere uitvoering waarin alle - zoals Mahler het wilde - instrumenten optimaal zijn te horen." Mania Klassiek, voorjaar 2010.

De 1e uitvoering van Symphonische Dichtung in Zwei Abtheilungen - Titan, vrij naar de roman van de Duitse auteur Jean-Paul Richter, bestond uit 2 helften met een uitgebreid programma. Mahler dirigeerde het werk in Boedapest in november 1889. Het stuk werd koel en ietwat vijandig ontvangen. Vooral vanwege de bizarre, vulgaire en kakafonische extravagante laatste 2 onderdelen. Althans zo werd het ervaren door publiek en critici, zeker na de verbijsterende wilde finale. Na de laatste wegstervende akkoorden, viel er een doodse stilte, totdat een aantal mensen uit het publiek aarzelend begon te applaudiseren. Snel gevolgd door demonstratieve afkeurende geluiden. Verslagen verliet Mahler de zaal, om als een verschoppeling door de donkere straten te dwalen. We kunnen het ons nu niet meer voorstellen, met zulke prachtige muziek.

Vier jaar later zou Mahler, de symfonie herzien, waarin vooral in de finale diverse passages en pagina's werden doorgestreept. Zeker is wel, dat deze 2e versie voor ruim 90% overeenkomt met de 1e versie. Deze opname bevat de herziene versie, zoals die in 1893 werd uitgevoerd in Hamburg. Er volgde ook nog een 3e revisie, die Mahler in 1896 in Berlijn presenteerde onder de naam Symphonie D-Dur. Deze versie is de bekendste vorm van de 1e symfonie van Mahler.

Jan Willem de Vriend is sinds 2006 chef dirigent bij het Orkest van het Oosten, in het buitenland bekend als The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra, in Enschede. Vanaf de zomer van 2015 is hij ook vaste dirigent van het Residentie Orkest in Den Haag en gastdirigent bij het Orquestra Simfonica de Barcelone I Nacional Catalunya. Meteen bij zijn aantreden als dirigent in Enschede trok hij met het orkest de aandacht met de opvallende Eerste Symfonie van Mahler, in de zogenaamde Hamburgse versie. De lovende ontvangst (Absolutely a must – The Grammophone) leidde tot uitnodigingen bij het Amsterdamse Concertgebouw Orkest en veel orkesten in het buitenland. De Vriend is een enthousiast promotor van de klassieke muziek.
Die 'Symphonische Dichtung in Zwei Abtheilungen', die später zu seiner 1. Symphonie wurde, erhielt später den Untertitel "Titan", weil Gustav Mahler hoffte, das Werk würde auf diese Weise vom Publikum eher akzeptiert, bevor es zum ersten Mal in Hamburg (Oktober 1893) uraufgeführt wurde. Es ist diese Version, die Jan Willem de Vriend mit dem Netherlands Symony Orchestra hier aufgenommen hat und unnachahmlich interpretiert. Der autobiographische Charakter und die enge Beziehung zu den Liedern ist vor allem im ersten und dritten Satz auffällig, in denen Mahler einige Themen aus seinem Gesellen-Zyklus übernimmt sowie auf andere Lieder anspielt, sogar auf seine frühe Ballade 'Das klagende Lied'.

Artist(s)

Jan Willem de Vriend (conductor)

Jan Willem de Vriend is the artistic director of Combattimento Consort Amsterdam and since 2006 the chief conductor and artistic director of the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra. Combattimento Consort Amsterdam devotes itself to the music of about 1600 to 1830. Since its founding in 1982, it has performed virtually throughout the world as well as on many CDs, DVDs and television productions. Since De Vriend was named chief conductor in 2006, the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra has become a notable phenomenon on the Netherlands’ musical scene. It has presented semi-scenic performances of works by Mozart, Beethoven, Strauss and Mendelssohn. There were premieres of works by Offenbach, Say and Mahler. And by substituting historical instruments in the brass section, it has developed its own distinctive...
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Jan Willem de Vriend is the artistic director of Combattimento Consort Amsterdam and since 2006 the chief conductor and artistic director of the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra.
Combattimento Consort Amsterdam devotes itself to the music of about 1600 to 1830. Since its founding in 1982, it has performed virtually throughout the world as well as on many CDs, DVDs and television productions.
Since De Vriend was named chief conductor in 2006, the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra has become a notable phenomenon on the Netherlands’ musical scene. It has presented semi-scenic performances of works by Mozart, Beethoven, Strauss and Mendelssohn. There were premieres of works by Offenbach, Say and Mahler. And by substituting historical instruments in the brass section, it has developed its own distinctive sound in the 18th- and 19th-century repertoire. Recently, the orchestra performed music by Schumann at festivals in Spain. The release of Beethoven’s complete symphonies, conducted by De Vriend, is a big project which starts with the release of this current CD. Also the orchestra's long Mahler tradition is being continued in recordings and tours.
De Vriend has been a guest conductor with the Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, the Netherlands Radio Chamber Philharmonic, the Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra, The Hague Philharmonic and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, as well as orchestras in Germany, Sweden and Australia. He is often invited to conduct both in the Netherlands and abroad. He has engagements pending, for example, with The Hague Philharmonic, the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra as well as orchestras in China, Germany, Austria and Italy.

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The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra

The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra is based in Enschede, in the province of Overijssel. Performing at an international level, as evidenced by its highly acclaimed CDs and invitations for international tours, the orchestra is firmly rooted in society. Jan Willem de Vriend has been its artistic director and chief conductor since 2006. He will be succeeded by Ed Spanjaard in 2017. Under De Vriend’s leadership, the orchestra has expanded its repertoire to cover music from four centuries. Its use of period instruments in the Classical repertoire gives the orchestra a distinctive and highly individual character. The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra performs amongst others in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Enschede, Zwolle and Deventer. In addition, it has made successful tours of the United States, Spain and...
more
The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra is based in Enschede, in the province of Overijssel. Performing at an international level, as evidenced by its highly acclaimed CDs and invitations for international tours, the orchestra is firmly rooted in society.
Jan Willem de Vriend has been its artistic director and chief conductor since 2006. He will be succeeded by Ed Spanjaard in 2017. Under De Vriend’s leadership, the orchestra has expanded its repertoire to cover music from four centuries. Its use of period instruments in the Classical repertoire gives the orchestra a distinctive and highly individual character.
The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra performs amongst others in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Enschede, Zwolle and Deventer. In addition, it has made successful tours of the United States, Spain and England and it often works with the Dutch National Touring Opera Company. In its home town Enschede, the orchestra builds on a symphonic tradition of more than 80 years, and it is known as one of the most modern and entrepreneurial orchestras in the Netherlands.
The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra created a number of ensembles, such as a chamber orchestra, the Baroque Academy of the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra (BANSO) and various chamber music ensembles. The orchestra’s commitment to expanding its social relevance is also reflected in the large number of projects in which education is a key element.
The orchestra has worked with distinguished conductors, such as its former chief conductor Jaap van Zweden, Vasily Petrenko, Edo de Waart, Claus Peter Flor and Tan Dun. It also has accompanied many celebrated soloists, including Gidon Kremer, Ronald Brautigam, Natalia Gutman, Charlotte Margiono, Jean-Yves Thibaudet and Thomas Zehetmair.

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Composer(s)

Gustav Mahler

During his own time, Gustav Mahler was considered as one of the major conductors of Europe, but nowadays he is considered to a major composer who bridged the Late Romantic period to the modern age.  Few composers are so connected with the symphonic repertory as Gustav Mahler. Composing symphonies was his 'core business': in every aspect he developed the symphony towards, and sometimes even over, its absolute limits. Almost all of Mahler's symphonies are lenghty, demand a large orchestra and are particularly great in their expressive qualities. With rustic and mythical atmospheres (the start of the First Symphony), daunting chaos (the end of his Sixth), grand visions (end of his Second), cheerful melodies (opening Fourth), romantic melancholy (the famous adagio of...
more

During his own time, Gustav Mahler was considered as one of the major conductors of Europe, but nowadays he is considered to a major composer who bridged the Late Romantic period to the modern age.

Few composers are so connected with the symphonic repertory as Gustav Mahler. Composing symphonies was his "core business": in every aspect he developed the symphony towards, and sometimes even over, its absolute limits. Almost all of Mahler's symphonies are lenghty, demand a large orchestra and are particularly great in their expressive qualities. With rustic and mythical atmospheres (the start of the First Symphony), daunting chaos (the end of his Sixth), grand visions (end of his Second), cheerful melodies (opening Fourth), romantic melancholy (the famous adagio of his Fifth), evocations of nature (his Third), megalomanic eruptions in the orchestra (his Eighth), and the clamant atonality of his unfinished Tenth, Mahler's musical palette seemed inexhaustible.

His symphonies are captivating, but some could find it a bit 'over the top' at times. For those, his orchestral songs could undoubtedly show there is an incredibly subtle and refined side to his compositional style as well.

In the Netherlands, Mahler is particularly popular due to its close bond with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, which was already established during his lifetime!


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Often bought together with..

Symphonies nos. 7 & 8 (Complete symphonies vol. 3)
Jan Willem de Vriend / The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra
Symphonies nos. 1 & 5 (Complete symphonies vol.2)
Jan Willem de Vriend / The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra
Symphonies nos. 4 & 6 (Complete Symphonies vol.1)
Jan Willem de Vriend / The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra
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Matangi Quartet

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