Ton Koopman

Opera Omnia X - Organ Works 5

Price: € 14.95
Format: CD
Label: Challenge Classics
UPC: 0608917224924
Catnr: CC 72249
Release date: 27 March 2009
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Label
Challenge Classics
UPC
0608917224924
Catalogue number
CC 72249
Release date
27 March 2009
Album
Artist(s)
Composer(s)
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NL
DE

About the album

The Buxtehude Opera Omnia series is steadily progressing. It is with great pleasure that I present to you the final
part of Dieterich Buxtehude’s organ works. Now that the task of recording all the organ and harpsichord works has
been completed, the astounding quality of this music has become evident. Naturally, organists play Buxtehude’s works with relative frequency. However, only a dozen or so of his works are actually performed regularly. Undoubtedly,
the extreme discrepancies between the various editions are one of the main underlying reasons for this. Many questions arise: which Urtext is the real one? Are the sources of such poor quality, or are there flaws? Is it necessary to salvage the music? The indisputable fact is that the organ works of Lübeck’s greatest composer were by no mean preserved through the ages in the most ideal fashion. No less than a century and a half separate the earliest and the latest sources, there are no autographs, etc. The organist is thus compelled to undertake the performance of these works with a great deal of taste, know- ledge and courage. A creative composer requires a creative interpretation.
Bach and Mozart even survive being performed on a street organ, whereas Couperin and Buxtehude do not. There is great interpretative freedom in this ‘stylus phantasticus’; however, there are limits to what is possible. The incorrect reading of the foreword to Frescobaldi’s first book of Toccatas was once the reason behind the practice of beginning all the Preludes with an accelerando. In my view, the comparison drawn with madrigals in this same fore-word is of major significance, and can be taken to mean: each section of a Prelude and Toccata has its own tempo. A relationship between tempi no longer exists. The ‘tempo della mano’ has been replaced by ‘tempo dell’anima’. This is my most important conviction.
Ton Koopman
Meesterlijke vertolking door Ton Koopman van de laatste orgelwerken van Buxtehude.
Deel X van de Opera Omnia is het 5e en laatste deel, waarin Ton Koopman de overige orgelwerken speelt van Dieterich (Dietrich, Diderich) Buxtehude. Voor een historisch verantwoorde aanpak van zijn orgelconcerten, koos Koopman de instrumenten met zorg uit. In deze opname speelt hij op het Bielfeldt orgel van de St. Wilhadi kerk in Stade, Duitsland. In deze opname bestaan de orgelwerken van Buxtehude uit vrije composities en composities die op koralen gebaseerd zijn. Verder bevat dit album de complete orgelwerken van Nicolaus Bruhns. Deze begaafde leerling van Buxtehude werd beroemd door de orgelstijl van Buxtehude op zijn eigen wijze verder te ontwikkelen. "Koopmans virtuositeit roept een volmaakte sfeer op voor deze pre-Bachse klankwereld.", René Verwer, Luister, december 2009.

Buxtehude was een Deens-Duitse organist en door velen bewonderde componist uit de barokperiode. Hij componeerde vocale en instrumentale muziek. Zijn orgelwerken omvatten een aanzienlijk deel van het standaard orgelrepertoire van onze hedendaagse kerkdiensten. Buxtehude wordt beschouwd als de belangrijkste Duitse componist in de periode tussen Heinrich Schütz en Bach. Zijn stijl heeft veel componisten sterk beïnvloed. Hij was één van de grote voorbeelden van Johann Sebastian Bach. Het verhaal gaat dat Bach, toen 20 jaar, in 1705 helemaal naar Lübeck liep - 400 km - om Dieterich Buxtehude daar in de Marienkirche te horen spelen.

Wellicht dat die anekdote Ton Koopman inspireerde tot zijn project Opera Omnia om het gehele bewaard gebleven oeuvre van Buxtehude uit te voeren en op te nemen. Er was hem veel aan gelegen Buxtehude als het brein achter de vocale muziek van Bach te erkennen. Koopman is een van de meest vooraanstaande uitvoerders van oude muziek en voorzittter van het Internationale Buxtehude Gesellschaft.
Mit der vorliegenden Auswahl wird das auf fünf Alben aufgeteilte Orgelwerk Buxtehudes im Rahmen der Gesamtaufnahme seiner Opera Omnia abgeschlossen. Sie enthält die noch nicht eingespielten Kompositionen der beiden Hauptgruppen der freien und choralgebundenen Werke. Ein Schüler Buxtehudes wurde seinerzeit sehr berühmt und entwickelte Buxtehudes Orgelstil in eigenständiger Weise weiter: Nicolaus Bruhns, dessen komplette Orgelmusik ebenfalls auf dieser CD enthalten ist.

Artist(s)

Ton Koopman was born in Zwolle in 1944. After a classical education he studied organ, harpsichord and musicology in Amsterdam and was awarded the Prix d'Excellence for both instruments. Almost from the beginning of his musical studies he was fascinated with authentic instruments and a performance style based on sound scholarship.

Even before completing his studies he laid the foundations for a career as a conductor of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century music and this fascination with the Baroque era led him in 1969, at age 25, to establish his first Baroque orchestra and, in 1979, to found the Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra followed in 1993 by the Amsterdam Baroque Choir.

Koopman's extensive and impressive activities as a soloist, accompanist and conductor have been recorded on a large number of LP's and CD's for labels like Erato, Teldec, Sony, Philips and DGG. Recently Ton Koopman has created his own record label: 'Antoine Marchand', with which he will publish his future recordings.

Over the course of a forty-year career Ton Koopman has appeared at the most important concert halls and festivals of the five continents.

As an organist he has performed on the most prestigious historical instruments of Europe, and as a harpsichord player and conductor of his Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra & Choir he has been a regular guest at venues which include the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam, the Theatre des Champs-Elysées in Paris, the Philharmonie in Munich, the Alte Oper in Frankfurt, the Lincoln Center in New York, and leading concert halls in Vienna, London, Berlin, Brussels, Madrid, Rome, Salzburg, Tokyo and Osaka.

Over the past ten years Ton Koopman has been engaged in 'the recording project of the '90's' (so described by 'The Guardian' in London). Between 1994 and 2004 he has conducted and recorded all the existing cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach, a massive work for which he has been awarded with the Deutsche Schallplattenpreis "Echo Klassik 1997", the Prix Hector Berlioz, and been nominated for both the Grammy Award (USA) and the Gramophone Award (UK). In March 2000 he received an Honorary Degree from the Utrecht University for his scholarly work on the Bach Cantatas and Passions and in February 2004 he was awarded both the prestigious Silver Phonograph by the Dutch recording industry and the VSCD Classical Music Award 2004 by the Directors of Theatres and Concert Halls of Holland.

Ton Koopman is also very active as a guest conductor and he has worked with many prominent orchestras in Europe, the USA and Japan including the Amsterdam Concertgebouw, the Boston Symphony, the Vienna Symphony, the Deutsches Symphonie Orchester Berlin, the Rotterdam Philharmonic, the Danish Radio Orchestra and many others. He has been for eight years principal conductor of the Radio Chamber Orchestra in Holland and he is principal guest conductor of the Lausanne Chamber Orchestra. In the coming season he will be working with the Chicago Symphony, the Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich, the Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, the Helsinki Radio Orchestra, the Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie, the Frankfurt Radio Orchestra, the Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, and the Vienna Symphony Orchestra.

Ton Koopman publishes regularly and for a number of years he has been engaged in editing the complete Handel Organ Concerti for Breitkopf & Härtel. Pedagogy has been an important factor in Ton Koopman?s life for many years and to that end he is professor of harpsichord at the Royal Conservatory in The Hague and is an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music in London.
March 2004

Composer(s)

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